Characterization of the number of chromosomes, the genetic variability and the productivity of Quebec boar livestock in a context of product differentiation


Status:
Ongoing

 

Expertise:
Genetics

Aim / objectives:
The general objective of the project is to assess the number of chromosomes and its impact on productivity as well as genetic variability in a context of product differentiation from the boar population in Quebec. To get there, we will need to:
 
  • Determine the proportion of male and female subjects with 36, 37 and 38 chromosomes in the boar population;
  • Determine the percentage of chromosomal abnormalities in the boar population;
  • Determine if the rate of stillbirth in young boars is higher among parents with 37 chromosomes;
  • Determine the average litter size of parents with 36, 37 and 38 chromosomes as well as cross-breeds from these different individuals;
  • Assess whether the productivity, in particular the growth, the quality of the carcass and the meat of the descendants differ according to the number of chromosomes of the parents (36, 37 or 38);
  • Assess the genetic variability of the bred boar population and make recommendations on the long-term management of the population;
  • Develop a standardization and/or certification strategy for the authentication of breeders/ boar meat.

Collaborators:
Nathalie Laroche, représentante de l’Association des producteurs de sanglier du Québec, Dr Allan King, chercheur (Université de Guelph), Dr Claude Robert, chercheur (Université Laval), étudiant à la maîtrise (Université de Guelph), étudiant et/ou professionnel de recherche (Université Laval), bio-informaticien (Université Laval), producteurs de sangliers et transformateurs de la viande de sanglier.
Project Cost:
$130,643
Funding Partners:
Financial support for this project has been provided through the Programme de développement sectoriel within the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, an agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Quebec, de l’Association des producteurs de sangliers du Québec (APSQ), des producteurs de sangliers du Québec and Centre de développement du porc du Québec (CDPQ).
Timescale:
July 2019 to August 2022
Project Manager:
Frédéric Fortin
CDPQ Team:
Chargé de projets et conseillers techniques.